As per the United Nations (UN), “India is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populous country even though its population growth has been slowing down.”

China’s National Bureau of Statistics reported a drop of roughly 850,000 people for a population of 1.41175 billion in 2022, marking the first decline since 1961, which possibly makes India the world’s most populous nation, as reported by Reuters.

India’s current demography, according to government data comprise of India estimates its population at 1.38 billion, compared to China’s 1.4 billion.

Uttar Pradesh is the country’s most populated state with a projected population of 230 million people. where as Union territory Lakshadweep is the least populated, with only 68,000 people.

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China’s population shrinks for first time in over 60 years, as deaths outnumber births in 2022

India is among the youngest countries in the world. 27.3 per cent of its population is aged between 15 and 29 years.

India’s annual population growth has averaged 1.2 per cent since 2011, down from 1.7 per cent in the previous 10 years.

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The use of family planning methods in India increased from 53.5 per cent in 2015-16 to 66.67 per cent in 2019-21.

India’s total fertility rate – the number of children per woman – fell to 2 in 2019-2021, down from 3.4 in 1992-93.