A survey conducted by the Centre for Public Policy Research states Nine out of ten respondents said COVID-19’s threat to the economy was highly severe.
This survey, which was conducted before India’s quarterly GDP was released, found that eight out ten respondents believed that the economy would remain affected for more than nine months, while four out ten respondents believe the economy will remain affected for over 13 months.
Additionally, the majority of respondents perceived the pandemic to last at least until mid-next year.
Survey Result Respondents based on Gender wise :
The survey also looked at the pandemic’s effects on men and women separately.
A greater percentage of women (86%) washed their hands more frequently compared to men (83%).
Similarly, 93% of the women who were surveyed wore their face masks while stepping out compared to 90% of the men.
The difference in certain preventive behaviours and ideal attitude between the genders were starker in some other instances.
There was a difference of 11 percentage points between male and female with regard to the indicator, “I leave my home to buy essential items only”, and 9 percentage points with regard to the behaviour, “I avoid touching my face with unwashed hands’’.
Women consistently showed better adherence than men to ideal behaviours such as hygiene and safety measures, physical distancing measures, compliance to all guidelines despite relaxation in the lockdown and better knowledge about COVID-19 and official information sources giving correct information about COVID-19.
This finding was also in line with the study done in Hong Kong during the initial stage of the H1N1 pandemic. It was found that women were more likely than men to practice preventive behaviours and avoid going out in public or to crowded places.
It is interesting to note a study conducted in the Golestan province of Iran also found similar results.
While identifying mental health implications of the pandemic, the study found that women fared worse than men; 36% of women respondents agreed that they were stressed/anxious because of the current situation compared to only 27% of the male respondents; 29% of women felt hopeless about the future compared to only 18% of men; 21% of women felt lonely compared to 21% of men.
A greater percentage of male respondents (19%) had trouble adjusting to self-isolation compared to 16% of female respondents. But that did not translate into doing chores at home. Women consistently spent more time doing the unpaid household work and family. At least 77% of the women respondents said they spent more time on household chores, while only 69% of men did.
Survey Result Respondents based on Salary wise :
Of those surveyed, one out of four employed experienced a salary cut and 15% of them were from the lowest income group below Rs 25,000.
The rest of the income groups comprise a greater percentage of respondents reporting salary cuts.
The survey found out that out of the 27 respondents who lost their jobs during the lockdown, one-third of them belonged to the lowest income segment.
The survey found out that 94% of respondents rating the Coronavirus crisis as either a ‘severe’ or a ‘highly severe’ threat to the economy were unemployed, followed by 91% of those who are employed (full-time) and those who were contractual workers or freelancers.
A part of those surveyed were students, who were concerned about graduating in an environment of economic adversity.
Survey Result Respondents based on Federal statewide :
The report is based on a survey conducted across 22 states and two union territories and 475 responses.
It was collected in the period between June 16 and June 30, 2020. At least 41% of the respondents were from Kerala, 14% from Maharashtra, 9% from Karnataka, 8% from Tamil Nadu, and 7% from Delhi.
Four out of ten respondents were graduates, while six out of ten had a postgraduate degree. Respondents were predominantly urban residents (81%) with rural residents accounting for 19% of the sample.
On an average, the respondents were relatively more content with the response of their respective state governments to the pandemic compared to that of the Central government.
Almost one out of two respondents are content with the response of their state governments.
Of all the states, respondents in Kerala (4.11) were most satisfied with the response of the state government to the pandemic, while the residents of Delhi (2.41) were the least satisfied with the government’s response.
The mean rating for the contentment with the Central government measures was just ‘2.44’. in percentage mean just 24%
The survey also found that public transport is likely to face huge setbacks in terms of the number of users as many of them would opt for private modes of travel post lockdown.